What is Preventitive Dentistry?
Preventive Dentistry deals with the prevention of dental disease. Each patient recevies a customized prevention plan based on a thorough evaluation of his or her oral cavity at the time of the initial oral examination. This is a dynamic plan that is revised during subsequent visits.
Preventive Procedures include:
- Prohylaxis – cleaning to remove plaque, stain and calculus (tartar) from the coronal portions of teeth. This procedure aids in the prevention of advancing periodontal (gum) disease.
- Individualized oral hygiene instruction – to teach the patient to care for his or her mouth.
- Regularly Scheduled Re-care Appointments – to maintain the optimal level of oral health; the frequency of these visits is determined by the patient’s condition.
- Fluoride treatments / Fluoride Varnish – to strengthen tooth/root surfaces and prevent decay.
- Sealants – to protect cavity prone pits and fissures of the teeth.
- Athletic Mouthguards – to prevent sports injuries to the teeth.
What is Periodontal Dentistry?
Periodontal Dental Therapy is the branch of dentistry that encompasses the care and treatment of the supporting structures of the teeth.This includes the gingival (gum) tissues and the bone surrounding the teeth. A collaborative approach to providing periodontal care is utilized involving the patient, the dental hygienist, the dentist and a Periodontist (gum specialist) if indicated.
Periodontal Dentistry Procedures include:
- Lab Tests – tests for the presence of pathogenic bacteria, the specific pathogenic bacteria present, the patient’s susceptibility to periodontal disease, and the effects the periodontal disease has had on the patient’s whole body (systemic) health.
- Scaling - therapy to remove plaque, stain, and calculus (tartar) from tooth surfaces that are below the gumline.
- Root Planing - therapy to debride and smooth the root surfaces of teeth exposed by advancing periodontal diease.
- Laser Assisted Periodontal Therapy – the use of a dental laser to destroy the bacteria in between the teeth and gums. This therapy shrinks inflammation and prepares the tooth and gum surface for a natural reattachment to aid in the reduction of the pocket depth. This can often avoid the need for periodontal surgery procedures. Learn more from the Centers for Dental Medicine.
- Oral Hygiene Instruction - individualized instruction in the use of periodontal aides and medicaments to help in the treatment of periodontal (gum) disease.
- Site-Specific Antibiotic Therapy - therapy to treat isolated periodontal infections at their source.
- Systemic Antibiotic Therapy – the use of oral antibiotics to treat persistent micro-organisms in advanced periodontal disease (as detected with the “MyPerioPath” test).
- Corrective Periodontal Surgery - surgical correction of existing defects to facilitate easier maintenence of the peiodontal (gum) tissues. This procedure usually involves collaberation with the Periodontist.
Are you at risk for periodontal disease?
At Southern Blvd Dental Center, we have developed a state-of-the-art treatment regime to combat the periodontal disease so prevalent in the American adult population. This regime includes:
- Laser Decontamination
- Scaling and Root Planing
- Laser Pocket Therapy (as required)
- Electric Toothbrush
- Closys Toothpaste and Rinse
- Progress Check Up Appointments
What is Endodontic Dentistry?
Endodontic Therapy is the branch of dentistry that treats infections or injuries to the pulp (nerve) inside the teeth.
Endodontic procedures include:
- Root Canal Therapy - the removal of the infected or injured pulp (nerve) from the inside of the tooth.
- Pulpotomy - the removal of the pulp (nerve) in the coronal portion of the tooth; this procedure is normally performed on deciduous (baby) teeth.
- Pulpectomy - the removal of the entire pulp (nerve) of a deciduous (baby) tooth.
- Endodontic Surgery - these procedures are utilized in the treatment of more advanced infections and usually involve collaboration with an Endodontist.
What is Oral Surgery?
Oral Surgery is the branch of dentistry that encompasses the removal of teeth, biopsy and removal of suspicious lesions, and the preparation of the mouth to receive prosthetic appliances or implants.
Oral Surgery procedures include:
- Tooth Extraction – the removal of the remaining tooth structure due to decay, trauma, or severe periodontal involvement.
- Tori Removal – the removal of tori (benign overgrowths of bone) in preparation of the mouth for a dental prosthesis.
- Soft tissue biopsy – obtaining a sample of a suspicious soft tissue (gum, cheek, tongue, etc.) lesion for microscopic analysis.
- Hard tissue biopsy – obtaining a sample of a suspicious hard tissue (bone or tooth) lesion for microscopic analysis.
- Alveoloplasty – the trimming of soft tissues and bone in preparation of the mouth for a dental prosthesis. It is only required in cases in which the dentist feels that the anatomy of the bone will interfere with the wearing of the dental prosthesis. Alveoloplasty can be performed at the time of tooth extraction or later on as a secondary procedure.
- Advanced Oral Surgery Procedures – these procedures require collaboration with an Oral Surgeon and include impacted tooth removal, treatment of jaw fractures, orthognathic surgery, and sedation to list but a few.
What is Restorative Dentistry?
Restorative Dentistry involves repairing the natural tooth that has been damaged or decayed. An assessment of the current condition of your mouth is the first step in regaining oral health. A complete examination of each part of your mouth, teeth, gums and soft tissues, is performed. After this initial diagnosis, treatment plan options are developed and discussed.
Restorative Dentistry procedures include:
- Cerec 3D Restorations – one visit, all ceramic CAD/CAM inlays, onlays, crowns and veneers.
- Fillings - to replace parts of decayed or damaged teeth. Fillings are made of tooth-colored composite materials, solid porcelain or gold.
- Post and Core Build-up - a restoration utilized in a badly broken down, endodontically treated tooth to gain support for the subsequent crown.
- Crown Build-Up - a restoration utilized in badly broken down teeth to act as a foundation for a subsequent crown.
- Crowns - to completely cover that part of the tooth that can be seen in the mouth. Crowns are made of porcelain, gold, or porcelain fused to gold.
- Stainless Steel Crown - a restoration utilized to restore badly broken down deciduous (baby) teeth or as an interim restoration in badly broken down permanent teeth.
What is Prosthetic Dentistry?
Prosthetic Dentistry encompasses the replacement of missing teeth. These replacement teeth can be fixed (i.e. permanently cemented to remaining natural teeth) or removable (i.e. can be taken from the mouth). Fixed replacement teeth offer a more natural feel.
Prosthetic Dentistry procedures include:
- Fixed Partial Denture (Bridges) – can replace one or many missing teeth; this type of appliance requires a minimum of one solid anchor tooth on each side of the missing tooth space. The number of anchor teeth included depends on the length of the missing teeth space.
- Removable Partial Denture - can replace one or many missing teeth; this type of appliance can be made entirely of acrylic or it can have a metal framework under the acrylic.
- Complete Denture - replaces all teeth in the upper or lower arch; this appliance is usually made entirely of acrylic.
- Implant Supported Partial or Complete Denture - can replace several or all of the missing teeth; by using implants for support, these appliances are much more stable.